The philosophical attempts to prove the existence of God are all failures. The cosmological, teleological, moral, ontological, and transcendental arguments for the existence of God all rely on logical fallacies, are thus false, and are nowhere to be found in the Bible.
Rather, God’s existence is NOWHERE PROVEN, but EVERYWHERE ASSUMED in the scriptures.
Although the attempted proofs for the existence of God are all failures, God has endowed man with a natural or innate knowledge of Himself. Those who do not believe in God must resist, deny, restrict, and actively suppress this knowledge.
It is because of the innate knowledge of God in man that the Apostle Paul is able to say:
For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. Romans 1:20
This verse is NOT supporting the cosmological argument for the existence of God (that one could know of God’s existence via the created world), but is rather, saying that man (who already has innate knowledge of God’s existence) thus perceives that attributes of the God he already knows in the created things of the world.
This innate knowledge of God is evident in the conscience. For when we break the law of God, we feel guilty. Guilty to what or whom may I ask to an atheist?
But natural man only knows THAT there is a God. He does not know WHO or WHAT God is. It is the special revelation of the Scriptures that explain God to us in all the ways He wishes to be known. God spoke first to the prophets who foretold the coming messiah. This messiah, Jesus of Nazareth, born in Bethlehem who was crucified, died and buried rose on the third day fulfilling all the scripture foretelling His mission. Jesus was the Son of God and truly God and it is through Jesus that we learn of God’s love for His people.